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Arthur Thompson 1853 Cavalry Records

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Arthur Thompson 1853 Cavalry Records

Postby tpiy » Mon Nov 04, 2019 11:22 am

Arthur Thompson was born in 1853 Manning Tree Essex, to father Charles Thompson, who was a mariner and his wife Elizabeth. On the 1871 Census Arthur is a private at Colchester Cavalry Barracks. In 1881 he married Elizabeth Dunne at Temple Michael Parish Church, Longford Ireland. The marriage record says Arthur lives at the Barracks Longford, I presume Cavalry Barracks. Sometime during the 1880s the family moved to Salford, Lancashire where their first child Arthur was born in 1885. I have looked for Army records but have had no success. I would presume he served roughly 1870 - 1882. I would welcome any suggestions as to which regiment he served with and where these regiments might have served during this time.


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Re: Arthur Thompson 1853 Cavalry Records

Postby MaureenE » Mon Nov 04, 2019 1:22 pm

It seems very likely he was in the 2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen's Bays) as this seems to be the only regiment in Longford in 1881.
https://web.archive.org/web/20120808222 ... ation.html

This link also mention Curragh in August 1878 and Dundalk in December 1880.

Regiments.org doesn't give much information. Just says England from 1870.
https://web.archive.org/web/20071016143 ... av/dg2.htm

If you wanted more details you could look at the FIBIS Fibiwiki page British Army, section Locating a regiment
https://wiki.fibis.org/w/British_Army#L ... a_regiment
There might be something in the Nafziger Collection of Orders of Battle, or you could look at Army Lists.

There was a history published "A history of the Queen's Bays (the 2nd Dragoon Guards), 1685-1929"
by Frederic Whyte and A. Hilliard Atteridge but you would probably need to locate it in a large library, as it seems fairly rare now/expensive to buy.

Cheers
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Re: Arthur Thompson 1853 Cavalry Records

Postby MoVidger » Mon Nov 04, 2019 1:23 pm

The 1871 census report doesn't mention a regiment, only Colchester Cavalry Barracks. However, I checked a couple of the soldiers, also on the same page as Arthur. These men were attached to the 2nd Dragoon Guards at the time. (I haven't found any military records for Arthur yet on FMP).
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Re: Arthur Thompson 1853 Cavalry Records

Postby tpiy » Mon Nov 04, 2019 1:40 pm

Thank you for this quick response. I am usually quite good at finding records, but when I went to the front of the census for the Colchester Barracks I found no commanding officers regiment listed. I should have looked sideways at others regiments. I will know in future.


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Re: Arthur Thompson 1853 Cavalry Records

Postby AdrianB38 » Mon Nov 04, 2019 2:03 pm

The British Army, Worldwide Index 1871, also 1841, 1851, 1861, are on FMP and were designed to supplement the censuses of those years. They were compiled from Muster Books by Roger Nixon. There isn't an 1881 equivalent but if you search the 1871 for Arthur Thompson & variant spellings, there are just 19.

There is only one such chap in a cavalry regiment at Colchester - Private 1500 Arthur Thompson of the 2nd Dragoon Guards (Queen's Bays) - as suggested above. There doesn't appear to be any service papers, suggesting that he left the Army without a pension.
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Re: Arthur Thompson 1853 Cavalry Records

Postby tpiy » Mon Nov 04, 2019 8:04 pm

Thank you all. The first web Archive mentioned by Maureen also showed that the regiment moved to Manchester shortly after Arthur’s marriage which explains why the family ended up living in Salford. A very useful file.


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